Breaking Down Silos: Where do we start?

Fascinating research from McKinsey’s most recent Five Fifty shows that CEOs “indicate two primary symptoms of silo syndrome: (1) inadequate information and (2) insufficient accountability or coordination on enterprise-wide initiatives”. 

As many of us may have read in Gillian Tett’s excellent The Silo Effect – wherein she shares multiple tales of what she terms ‘silo syndrome’, from City Hall in New York, to UBS bank in Switzerland, and Sony in Tokyo, even the most effective and motivated leaders in the world exhibit unproductive and uncooperative behaviour when they are ‘mastered by silos’. Others, however, show how institutions and individuals can master their silos instead.Here at Just3Things, we’ve been focused on the death of the functional silo for several years, working hard to build a platform for teams of all disciplines to use to align not only daily and weekly workstreams, but truly empathise with each others’ challenges and skill sets. Some of our tools focus on really practical measures, such as incorporating company-wide goals on all team pages inside the platform; whilst others are more complex, asking users to pro-actively declare alignment of their initiatives and objectives to their business’s strategy. 

Helpfully, McKinsey has broken down the four key measures that they have reported as effective in eroding these decades-old barriers.  We thought it might be interesting to take a look at each of these measures through the lens of our clients’ experiences, and the many conversations we’ve had this year around the realities of cross-functional collaboration:

 

  1. Get Informed about the Business Context:

    Employees and teams that remain overly-focused on the delivery of projects as opposed to taking the time to understand the underlying customer problem driving that piece of work are at greater risk of under-estimating new competitive threats.  At J3T, we find this issue manifested in a very tangible way when we ask new users of the platform to begin to align their team objectives to the overall corporate strategy. By default, we find many users will simply leave their objectives “ungrouped”, indicating that there is, in fact, some real confusion about why even significant programmes of work are being undertaken at the team level.

     

  2. Get Transparent with your Customer Data:

    Far too often, functional silos don’t just extend to difficulties in sharing marketplace research from team to team, but also to the inability to intelligently leverage key customer contacts and data from multiple databases and sources.  At J3T, we often hear that clients are most delighted by the feature we offer that automatically surfaces projects or initiatives that are similar to ones you are working on in the right hand rail of the platform itself. Why is this so impactful? Clearly, marketing and customer experts – all with the best of intents – have been duplicating customer acquisition, service and marketing efforts for years and there are far more optimal ways for us to be leveraging our valuable customer databases to ensure these inconsistencies don’t happen.

     

  3. Rotate Your Talent:

    By now, we all know that one of the defining hallmarks of Millenials and Gen Z in the workplace is their desire to accumulate a broad range of skills and experiences across a greater number of professional roles and industries throughout their careers.  To ensure you are listening to those aspirations and acting on them, managers must be aware of the future assignments and team constructs that their talent might want to be a part of (and not simply make the assumption that every employee is seeking a direct promotion in their current function!).  Here at J3T, we firmly believe the first and most essential step in exposing curious employees to opportunities in new functions and departments is to build transparency into the reporting of key initiatives at all levels of the company. In our platform, every employee can view the key priorities of any team across any function and learn the names, titles and job descriptions of the key players driving those priorities forward in an effort to democratise the traditional act of “internal networking”.

     

  4. Drive Accountability Across Small Teams:

    Finally, we know that once the initial steps are taken inside the enterprise to break down the traditional barriers of functional silos, often what are formed are smaller, more diverse teams of cross-functional specialists.  These “squads” (as they are sometimes called) are more ideally-suited to directly addressing customer issues by focusing on outcomes over outputs, but in order to ensure they remain focused on a scope of outcomes that is manageable and actionable, they must be given more autonomy to test and deliver. Distributing accountability to networks of small teams as opposed to the top layer of a traditional hierarchy is one of the most culturally challenging – but absolutely essential! – transformations that all J3T organisations grapple with. 

The Customer-Centric Company: Focusing Teams on Outcomes vs Deliverables
Webinar: 28th October 3pm GMT

Register Here

 

Blockbusters; Nokia; Toys R Us – history is littered with examples of organisations too slow to adapt to change. Large enterprises are fully aware of the burning platform to become more nimble  – in fact 82% of global enterprises have embarked on a strategic re-design in the past 3 years*. However the focus is typically internal – on systems, processes, ways of working and organisational design.                                   

Join us as Kim Atherton, Co-founder & CEO of Just3Things, leads a candid conversation with thought leaders from Worldpay and The Guardian, as well as renowned business advisor and author Barry O’Reilly, on why starting with customer outcomes is essential if your transformation is going to succeed, and your organisation survive. 

*McKinsey, Jan 2018

Tanya Cordrey has previously worked in several sectors including ecommerce with eBay & eToys, financial services with Zopa as well as the BBC. Until the end of 2015, she was Chief Digital Officer at Guardian News & Media, playing a key role in the digital transformation of The Guardian into a global brand with more than 150 million unique users each month. Tanya now sits on the boards of various companies, such as Clarks, and runs innovation and product consultancy Granary Square

 

 

 

Spiros Theodossiou is SVP Product Management for WorldPay’s Global Enterprise. Prior to Worldpay, he was VP at vouchercodes and at Skrill Inc. where he led the product and design teams and focussed on agile methodologies to quickly and efficiently deliver features that customers love.

 

 

 

Barry O’Reilly is the author of two international bestsellers Unlearn: Let Go of Past Success to Achieve Extraordinary Results, and Lean Enterprise: How High Performance Organizations Innovate at Scale—included in the Eric Ries series, and a Harvard Business Review must read for CEOs and business leaders. He is an internationally sought-after speaker, frequent writer and contributor to The Economist, Strategy+Business, and MIT Sloan Management Review and faculty at Singularity University

Outcomes Over Outputs – Interview with Barry O’Reilly; sought-after speaker, author and business advisor.

Managing Outcomes Over. Outputs : more than just semantics

One of the most consistent observations we have made here at Just3Things when working with our clients is the exponential difference in organizational culture, productivity and effectiveness when leadership and teams manage to outcomes over outputs.  

We spoke to one of the leading experts in this field, Barry O’Reilly.   Barry is the author of recently released Unlearn: Let Go of Past Success to Achieve Extraordinary Results, and co-author of the international bestseller Lean Enterprise: How High Performance Organizations Innovate at Scale  — included in the Eric Ries series, and a Harvard Business Review must read for CEOs and business leaders. 

He works with many of the world’s leading companies, from disruptive startups to Fortune 500 behemoths, to break the vicious cycles that spiral businesses toward death by enabling culture of experimentation and learning to unlock the insights required for better decision making, higher performance and results.

 

 

J3T: Hi Barry! Let’s start at the beginning – what is the difference between outcomes and outputs?

Barry: It feels deceptively simple but can make a huge impact on how you, your teams and organization perform: Outputs are what you expect to ‘produce’, the products, goods and services which result from an intervention. Outcomes are quantifiable changes in behavior you will have caused due to the output you created.

 

Output  Outcome
Launch newsletter signup Capture contact information of 25% of site visitors 
Certify 50 scrum masters  Reduce user story cycle time by 50% 
Invest $1,000,000 in online marketing campaign  Increase user activation rate per application download from 20% to 50% 
Add feature for ‘$50 Gift For Friend Signups’ to our user product page Increase our user growth rate by 20% in the next three months
Deploy scripts to automate software release to cloud infrastructure Reduce lead times for software releases by 50% 

 

J3T: So why is it better for teams and organisations to define Outcomes?

Barry: An outcome is the level of performance or achievement that occurred because of the activity, product, good or service your organization provided—more specifically the change in customer behavior that occurred. Outcome measures are a better indicator of effectiveness than output measures, for example if you completed the activity on time, on budget and scope but no customers use your product would you consider the effort a success? Outcomes quantify and assess how the product or process you created enable customers achieve the impact they are aiming for. 

Spending the time to define outcomes is always trickier than defining output but gives lots of advantages, including:

 

  • Allowing teams to create a shared understanding of why they are working on an initiative and what success looks like. 
  • Open up options for how teams could achieve the outcome they are aiming for. 
  • Increase the meaningfulness of work because teams can tie their efforts to results and gauge if they moving towards the desired outcome they seek (or not).
  • Creating more of an experimental approach – defining customer outcomes and asking teams to take responsibility at this level opens up the opportunities to experiment with outputs. Did X move the dial? No? In which case let’s try Y.
  • Balancing the need for long term planning with a ‘test and learn’ approach. Most large enterprises are adopting agile or lean ways of working based on the promise of delivering better customer outcomes faster — yet the majority still measure output as success. It can be daunting for stakeholders who are used to annual planning cycles and predictive controls such as time, budget and scope to switch techniques to manage uncertainty. Defining outcomes help engage stakeholders in valuable dialogue on what behaviors they expect to see from customers as indicators of success over  planning every feature that they will release that year with little real insight and limited customer feedback of they are useful, valuable or even needed. Ask stakeholders what they expect customers to be doing differently as a result of the output you create, then measuring and monitoring this can be a great way to help them get started. 
  • Not creating a culture of ‘busy fools’ – in many output driven organisations we see lots of activity and people working really hard, but without stopping to ascertain whether what they are doing (output) is creating any value for the customer or organisation (outcome) until the output is full complete. Our mission should be to learn as quickly and cheaply as possible if our effort is driving the results we’re aiming for.

 


J3T: Sounds great! So how do organisations start?

Barry: I encourage teams to think big but start small, and learn fast as they explore how to deploy an outcome-based approach to their portfolio of work. Don’t change everything all at once — start small, tiny in fact. Identify one product, or new feature or backlog item, start there by trying the following:

 

  • Keep asking ‘why are we doing X’ – for example why are we releasing this feature? What difference will it make and to whom? What change in customer behavior do we expect to see? 
  • Don’t get hung up searching for the one perfect metric or baseline data — start where you are and define what customer behavior you would expect or would be different if the output was available to the world].
  • Try to measure rates and ratios over totals — aiming for a percentage increase is better than saying ‘we can’t define this outcome and so we will see if we can get five customers use it’. Instead, say ‘60% of customers must use the feature’ to test its valuableness, and support an experimental approach’
  • Don’t forget that outputs can also be constraints to foster innovation – we typically think about outputs as a control metric (e.g. deliver this project with $1,000 or release this feature by this date) which force feedback cycles to happen, and reflect on our results. Use output metrics within reason as a forcing function for innovation, for example an outcome a customer success team might be responsible for could be increasing customer retention by 20% in the next month. 

 

J3T: What do you see as the key challenges to organisations defining outcomes?

Barry: One of the biggest challenges is that people are so used to managing to deadlines, budget and scope they don’t know how to measure value in any other meaningful way. 

When I present the idea of looking at outcomes they can see the benefit but don’t know how to start writing outcome based measure of success — it is daunting. 

Another barrier is trust between ‘business’ and technology stakeholders in organizations. Sometimes business partners can feel that you are trying to trick them, plus they to feel comfortable managing to output because it’s the way they have always managed initiatives. 

When people are time poor, the pressure is high and they have been sold new process as the way to succeed, their appetite to experiment is much lower. This is why thinking big but starting small is key, and showing people how the method works and could a better approach. The breakthrough comes by working, learning and unlearning together. Review your existing initiative dashboards, notice if the measure all output or outcome based. Try to identify and introduce one new outcome based measure on your dashboard that you can use as a pilot for a new way of work — then scale from there.

 

What if the metric is lagging indicator?

When people start to embrace outcome-based methods they often use metics such as revenue, profitability and customer satisfaction as a measure of success — but these are all lagging indicators. 

Businesses and teams need to think about how to also create leading indicators as the outcomes they are aiming for, and behavior they know mean the customers is on the path of success.

For example, at Netflix increasing revenue through customer retention of the service is a key outcome for the business. But if you’re working there, waiting each month for customer retention results, and even colerating your work to such a top line metric as customer retention, is challenging. 

That’s why creating leading indicators for the outcomes you aiming for is important and more actionable for the team. Therefore, if you’re working on the Search team at Netflix, and know retention is important you can ask a question such as, “what customer behavior in search would be a leading indicator for retention?” Maybe you’ll say the lead time from searching to starting a movie. You can then model and measure how quickly people can search for, discover and starting movie via your search functionality and see if that impact lagging indicators like retention rate of those customers. 

This takes work and skill but ideally you would look at a mix of leading and lagging indicators— you need to be thoughtful and have checks and balances. But getting started is the first step, so start small and learn fast when works for your context. 

 

 

What other behaviours can stand in the way of teams focusing on outcomes?

Leaders struggling to devolve decision making – or on the flip side, teams being afraid to make decisions. 

The incentives in place in a business make a huge difference too – leaders can say that the team should experiment, try out their ideas to succeed and work together toward outcomes but if leadership behavior shift when bonus are on the line, or paid out individuals on completion of projects on time, budget and scope this is totally mixed messages.

For me, the trick is to find  the cadence for your context; how do we get into the rhythm of making smaller more frequent bets and outcomes with leading indicators rather than creating big upfront plans with the output predicted in terms of time, budget and scope ? Every company has different requirements for different levels of fidelity of plans and some of this will also vary by stakeholder. 

Figure out how best your teams can keep stakeholders updated with the bets that they have made and whether this has moved the dial on the outcome metric you’ve agreed together matter. This is a very different way of working than planning everything out at the beginning of the year but the benefits you can realize in terms of organizational culture, productivity and effectiveness once you learn can be extraordinary.

 

J3T: We hear a lot about psychological safety – how important is this?

The quality of safety in organisations will directly impact the quality of information that you get. 

Ensuring that individuals and teams know how to design safe-to-fail bets is important to enable and make sure they feel they can learn from mistakes. How openly and honestly teams can and are willing to share their learning so that others can jump up the learning curve more quickly is an outcome every organization and leadership team to be aiming for. 

You can think big, start small and learn fast tomorrow by asking your teams on a scale of 1-10, how safe do they feel to share open and honest information? Accept the score they give, and start small to improve. Ask what you can do as a leader to help improve that score by half a point. Pick one suggestion for a week, try it and learn fast what works and doesn’t. Role model your efforts to unlearn outdated behavior and thinking as you seek to create a create of experimentation and learning to help others succeed. 

 

 

To learn more about Barry you can;

 

Read Barry’s blog at: www.barryoreilly.com

See what he has to say on Twitter: @barryoreilly

Subscribe to Barry’s podcast at: www.barryoreilly.com/podcast

Join Barry’s newsletter at: www.barryoreilly.com/newsletter

Just3Things offers you £100 off your booking for the L&D Influencers, Europe Conference

Join Kim Atherton, Chief People Officer from OVO Energy, as she discusses the challenges and opportunities presented by organisational transformations.  In an effort to bring more transparency across functions and ease the anxiety associated with any “re-org”, Kim actually built and implemented a new platform, Just3Things, to drive alignment and clarity of purpose.  She’ll be discussing OVO’s journey with Just3Things at this session.

 

For £100 off your booking, simply use the “FriendofKim100′ promo code and visit the website here.

Transforming Volkswagen Financial Services

Inspirational CIO, Christian Metzner, is transforming Volkswagen Financial Services to deliver better customer outcomes, faster

A couple of weeks ago I was lucky enough to be invited to join VWFS’s two day PI planning session, alongside SEACON organiser Barry Chandler. I found the sessions hugely inspiring – the team were hugely excited about working in new ways to deliver value to their customers faster, and Christian placed huge emphasis on the importance of culture in achieving these aims. Read Barry’s blog about the two days here… 

Click here to view the content

£50 off tickets to Europe’s leading conference on Enterprise Agility, SEACON

On Tuesday 12th November 2019, leaders and practitioners from across Europe are coming together in London to share best practice and actionable insight on organisational transformation, entrepreneurial leadership and design thinking. 

 

With fantastic speakers including the CIO of Volkswagen Financial Services, Christian Metzner,  Deloitte’s Head of Enterprise Agility, Jon Smart, and Adventures with Agile’s founder, Simon Powers, it is going to be a really interesting day. Just3Things CEO and Co-Founder Kim Atherton will be joined by OVO Energy’s CTO, Ed Conolly, to talk candidly about the highs, lows and moments of near tears associated with implementing a network of customer journey teams whilst scaling one of the UKs fastest growth unicorn companies. 

 

Just3Things are offering £50 off tickets – please use the link below to book yours and we would love to see you there!

 

https://www.eventbrite.co.uk/e/seacon-2019-the-study-of-enterprise-agility-conference-tickets-52387178461?discount=J3T@SEACONUK.COM

 

Missed our webinar? “Turning the Tanker”

Organisational transformation programmes in the financial services industry

 


Sandy Scales
Head of Agile Adoption
Royal London

Aaron Clift 
Head Of Digital Strategy, Portfolio and Innovation
Royal Bank of Scotland

Kim Atherton
Co-founder & CEO
Just3Things

Missed our webinar?

Not to worry! If you’re still interested in hearing from experts at Royal Bank of Scotland and Royal London about the realities of organisational transformation, you can access the recording now below.  Topics we tackled included getting employees “comfortable with the uncomfortable”, coaching leadership on how to “hold their nerve” in the face of setbacks, the road to building additional capacity as a business.
Give it a listen and drop us a line if you have any questions.

 

Want to download instead? Right click and press save here to download.

Re-Defining the Office Perk

 

Kim and I were recently asked our view on the changing landscape of “workplace perks” for a Yahoo Finance piece exploring the impact of those trends on companies outside the tech sector (where a mind-boggling array of perks have been on offer for years).  Whilst the term “perks” now seems to cover everything from free cereal for breakfast to higher-impact offerings like work-from-home arrangements, it’s clear that businesses see these benefits as levers for improving both work-life balance as well as employee retention figures. And in a world where an average career now spans sixty-plus years but average job tenure has dropped to four and a half years, the war for top talent is becoming more critical  – and costly – than ever.

A recent McKinsey study focused on the components of organisational health across 1,700 businesses concludes that, “among the many ways that companies create meaningful workplaces, the ability of leaders to connect daily work to a grander goal stands out”.  Interestingly, those leading the study found that the traditionally-referenced motivations for employee attrition – salary, job title, etc – were actually far less correlated to the exiting employees’ decisions to move than were their attitudes toward several core determinants of organisational health:

  • Direction from leadership (helping to connect employees’ daily work to the company’s vision)
  • Sense of ownership (increased accountability and autonomy in daily work)

Though at first glance these conclusions seem logical and even obvious, we hear remarkably little in the tech and business communities about creating scalable solutions to address and improve these components of organisational health.   Certainly it is much more straight-forward to arrange for catered lunch, or increase paid holiday time, but with recruitment and on-boarding costs associated with new hires remaining stable or increasing for most professions, surely it’s worth considering how we might address these powerful – if complicated – organisational dynamics?  

At Just3Things we talk quite a lot about the empowering force of transparency, and how employees that understand the full organisational and strategic context of their daily work are more energised and less distracted in pursuing their goals. Understanding how your projects and priorities align with those of other teams, of your leadership, and of the business’ long-term vision not only brings comfort and reassurance that your efforts are understood and appreciated, but can help reduce the anxiety associated with cross-functional politics.  Everyone loves some snacks in the kitchen and a bike-to-work scheme, but perhaps the time has finally arrived to balance those more tactical perks with a cultural shift towards shared purpose and distributed autonomy?

Interview with Paul Niven, OKR Expert & Author

It makes for depressing reading that 40% of global CEOs cite failure to align as the single greatest challenge to executing strategy, and yet over 90% of employees don’t understand their company’s goals or the part that they need to play in order to achieve them.*

Paul Niven is no stranger to businesses who are facing these issues; a consultant and noted speaker, he is the author of six highly acclaimed books. His most recent (co-authored with Ben Lamorte) is “Objectives and Key Results: Driving Focus, Alignment, and Engagement with OKRs.” Paul’s six books have been translated into over 15 languages around the globe. Paul also delivers keynote addresses at conference events around the world and has published in a number of respected journals.

Just3Things is very pleased to be partnering with Paul to deliver a series of OKR accreditation programmes, launching in Austin in June with dates to be confirmed in London in September.

We caught up with him to discuss how OKRs help organisations to align their people to their strategy.

*Harvard Business Review, 2017

J3T: Hi Paul, thank you for taking the time to speak with us! Let’s start at the beginning – where do OKRs come from?

PN: If you will indulge me in a brief history lesson – for those who think that OKRs are a new idea, they really aren’t. We can trace them back to 1954, in a book written by Peter Drucker called ‘The Practice of Management’, where Drucker introduced a concept called ‘Management by Objective’ – every Manager should declare every year what they are accountable for, what they would rely on others for and what others could depend upon them for. This idea became popular, but like a lot of ideas it was not always implemented well and so fell out of favour. OKRs were resurrected by Andy Grove when he was CEO if Intel; he saw the latent power in this idea but thought we could simplify it. It is basically two things – where we want to go as a company and as individuals and how do we know when we have got there. And this is really the modern idea of OKRs as we know them today. Grove had an intern, John Doerr, who is now a Venture Capitalist in Silicon Valley and has funded a lot of well-known corporate names today, including being an early part of the Google story. So John bought OKRs to Google when they were a small start up of 10-12 people – and the organisation still uses OKRs to this day with their 70,000 employees.

A lot of people think OKRs are specific to Silicon Valley but that is not the case – we work with many different companies of all shapes and sizes. Public sector, start ups, tech businesses, huge enterprises – all can benefit from using OKRs.

J3T: So what are OKRs?

The acronym stands for Objectives and Key Results. An objective is a broad qualitative goal designed to propel an organisation forward – what do we want to do?

Key Results are quantitative determination of whether you achieve the objective – how will we know when we have got there? One objective can have multiple Key Results to define success.

Each key result also has initiatives or actions associated with it – what are we actually doing to move the needle on the measurable key result.

J3T: Why, in your opinion, are OKRs better than using conventional goals?

PN: OKRs help entire companies communicate company strategy and align employees around their strategic goals. Alignment happens naturally in that different departments or teams might be accountable for different key results within their department. OKRs should, as much as possible, be transparent to all employees giving everyone the context and ensuring that all are on the same page.  

J3T: So how would an organisation start to implement OKRs?

Every company is different but there are some standard steps:

  • Start with Why – why are we doing this, what are we hoping to achieve? I joke with my clients you can’t say that you are implementing OKRs because Google uses them – that’s not a legitimate reason. If you don’t have the “why”, it’s difficult to gain traction with your OKR programme.
  • Next thing: do we have an executive sponsor who understands OKRs?  We need to ensure that the senior team aren’t talking a good talk on OKRs and then simply focusing on financial performance only.
  • The next step is for the organisation as a whole: it is essential that you confirm or develop your mission (which I define as core purpose), your vision (a description of the ideal end state), and your strategy. These are the foundation and give context when you develop your OKRs.
  • Following on from that, it’s time to start defining OKRs.  If possible start at the top. I don’t use the word ‘cascading’, but I do often talk about connecting OKRs from one level to the next – connecting OKRs allows everyone to be on the same page.
  • As you are developing your OKRs it is essential to find alignment with other groups. Think about “who do we depend upon to deliver this objective”? “Who depends upon us to deliver their objective”. Having alignment with other teams so important – if we don’t connect with other teams we can overlap or fail to deliver.
  • Once you have created your OKRs, you need to think about how you incorporate them into your working rhythm – many companies make the mistake of putting effort into creating OKRs but then not looking at them again for 90 days. They need to be living and breathing to be effective.

J3T: What cadence should organisations be using to set OKRs?

The company level strategic OKRs, aligned against strategic pillars, can be set annually. However one of the core advantages of OKRs is that they shorten the cadence to quarterly – in today’s ever-changing world, a lot can happen in 90 days so having a shorter time horizon increases focus and likelihood of achieving goals.

J3T: Why do you think that it is a good idea for organisations to consider using software to embed their OKR programme?

PN: For organisations to realise the benefits of OKRs they need to think about transparency and alignment across teams – if not, they run the risk of duplication or confusion. Software can be hugely helpful here. Also, keeping OKRs live and updated is tough to do in a transparent way without software.

J3T: You have seen a lot of software tools out there, what is it about the J3T platform that you like?

PN: We’ve seen a number of tools designed to support OKR and we are extremely impressed with the intuitive functionality of Just3Things.

J3T: Why did you choose to start an accreditation programme?

PN: For your OKR effort to succeed, your organisation needs an internal OKR Champion and knowledge expert to guide and synchronize the effort, inspire and motivate your employees, push the effort forward, and collaborate with the C-level suite on progress.  It is crucial for the success of your OKR effort that your Champion, Ambassadors and Team Leads receive the best training available and we are the global leader in OKR Training.

J3T: How can we find out more?

PN: Please do take a look at our website for more details.

 

Celebrating International Women’s Day 2019

For my very first International Women’s Day as a female founder, I had the distinct pleasure of taking part in a panel discussion with some amazing women at Facebook’s London office, topped off by an inspiring keynote from  Kubi Springer of SheBuildsBrands.

Check out the video below for a sneak peek of some of the candid, heart-warming, and inspiring chat that was had from a range of inspiring ladies forging their own paths in the business world. Topics ranged from how we define and carve out “balance” in our daily lives, to how to know when to make the leap to a new opportunity. Special thanks to Maria Purcell, Dana Muntean, and the amazing Workplace team for hosting! See you next year.